Blame them for trying to change the UNFCCC by linking funding to the terms of the paris summit project. It is a multilateral agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Before COP 21 in Paris, countries were invited to submit national contributions (NDC). The commitments of individual countries have changed considerably. India has been included in the emerging countries group and India has lived up to its books as a responsible nation in the fight against climate change. In 2017, the US president announced his intention to withdraw from the agreement. The U.S. release date is November 2020. The Paris agreement is not legally binding, but the Kyoto Protocol is legally binding….. change of plz…. Let us look at this agreement with regard to the different dimensions and debates that are taking place in the international field with a view to the way forward.

Shri Javadekar said the Paris Agreement was a solemn promise from the international community to seven billion people that we will work together to mitigate the challenges of climate change. He added that the Paris agreement outlines the roadmap to achieve this goal. He also said that the Paris agreement was a more durable and ambitious agreement and assured that the international community would come together to provide better land for future generations. The Minister stated that the agreement maintained the differentiation between the thinking measures of industrialized and developing countries. The Minister also stated that the agreement was based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). He stressed that all of the principles set out in the IMNFCCC were enshrined in the agreement. Shri Javadekar said the Paris agreement recognized the development constraints of developing countries. He said the agreement recognized the right of developing countries to develop and their efforts to harmonize development with the environment, while protecting the interests of the most vulnerable. The Paris Agreement strongly enshrines the “differentiation” of developing countries.

In many places, differentiation is achieved through different obligations for developed and developing countries. Currently, 195 UNFCCC members have signed it. However, US President Donald Trump has announced his intention to withdraw from the agreement by November 2020. The agreement stipulates that the world should reach its peak as quickly as possible and achieve a balance between sources and greenhouse gas (GHG) sinks during the second half of this century. Under the Paris Agreement, contracting parties have the right to include emission reductions in any country other than their NDCs, in accordance with the carbon trading and accounting system. In the Paris Agreement, there is no difference between developing and industrialized countries. The Kyoto Protocol distinguishes between developed and developing countries by designating them as Schedule 1 and non-Schedule 1 countries. The Paris Agreement will not enter into force until after 2020, when the Kyoto Protocol, an existing international mechanism to combat climate change, will end.