Agreement between the United States and the Taliban An agreement that increases uncertainty A 12-page briefing document, “Afghanistan`s Bonn Agreement: A Catalog of Missed Opportunities,” published today by Human Rights Watch, analyzes conditions in the country a year after the agreement formalized the end of the Taliban regime. The briefing paper outlines a number of areas where the Afghan government and international actors have missed opportunities to improve security and protect human rights. Human Rights Watch makes several recommendations to international and Afghan actors to help implement important provisions of the agreement. “Many of the difficulties encountered last year in implementing the Bonn agreement are the result of the disastrous state of Afghanistan`s civil and state institutions after two decades of war,” Adams said. But Afghanistan`s warlords are the primary culprits in sabotaging the agreement. It is also the fault of the international community for not providing the necessary assistance to the Afghans who are trying to bring the agreement to fruition. Second, the Bonn negotiations were kept on track by strong international pressure (and, in fact, not to fail) in order to quickly conclude an agreement and ensure the timely implementation of the Bonn Roadmap over the next three years. Although the 2014 presidential elections offer a closing period for all pre-election negotiations, their success is not guaranteed. India has been close to Afghanistan since the reign of King Zahir Shah (1933-1973) and recognized the communist government of the DRA, supported by the Soviet Union. Under the Taliban regime, India supported the anti-Taliban group Northern Alliance. The fall of the Taliban in 2001 gave rise to an environment favourable to India in Afghanistan. India also supported the Bonn (Afghanistan) agreement, a series of agreements aimed at restoring the state of Afghanistan after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan.

India has also supported the presence of U.S. forces in Afghanistan. In recent years, India has become one of the largest donors in Afghanistan. If we think about these issues, we would probably talk more about how some of the Bonn-era players, who are still important political players today, than about how the political transition could take place in 2014. While some may be excited about behind-the-scenes negotiations, ministerial and other positions are allocated in advance, and perhaps even hoping for an external unit that could serve as a “broker,” the key factors that made the Bonn process viable and kept it for three years no longer exist.